COMMON NAME: Yellow-faced bee
HAWAIIAN NAME: nalo meli maoli
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Hylaeus anthracinus / Hylaeus longiceps
LEGAL STATUS: Endangered (Federal and State).
NATIVE RANGE: Hylaeus species are the only genus of bees native to Hawai‘i. Hylaeus anthracinus
are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. They are known to occur on the islands of O‘ahu, Moloka‘i, and
Maui, Hawai‘i, Kaho‘olawe, and formerly Lāna‘i. Hylaeus longiceps are endemic to the Hawaiian Islands.
They are known to occur on the islands of O‘ahu, Moloka‘i, and Maui.
HABITAT: Hylaeus anthracinus are generally found in coastal strand habitat, rarely at higher
elevations in dry forest. Hylaeus longiceps are generally found in coastal strand habitat, but also
inhabit dry shrubland.
DIET: Hylaeus anthracinus and Hylaeus
longiceps have an affinity for native plants
including naupaka (Scaevola sericea), ilima
(Sida Fallax), akoko (Chamaesyce spp.), and
naio (Myoporum sandwicense).
ECOLOGICAL THREATS: Habitat
alteration of native coastal strand
vegetation due to development and
increased non-native species limits
available habitat for yellow-faced bees.
Yellow crazy ants (Anoplolepis gracilipes) exclude yellow-faced bees from coastal strand habitat both
by direct predation and by feeding on the nectar bees rely on. Hylaeus strenuus, a non-native bee
species present on O‘ahu, is spreading through coastal and lowland areas throughout the island and
will likely become a competitor of Hylaeus anthracinus due to its similar size and habits.
MCBH CONSERVATION MEASURES: Surveys conducted in November 2016 and May 2017
confirmed that significant populations of Hylaeus anthracinus occur in coastal strand habitat of
MCBH Kaneohe Bay. Abundant populations were found along the Pyramid Rock and North Beach
shorelines, while very limited distribution of bees was found along the Fort Hase shoreline. No bees
were found at MCTAB. No Hylaeus longiceps was documented on MCBH properties.
25% of proceeds will be donated to the Hawaii Wildlife Center at the end of each month till January 2022.
Nalo Meli Maoli Chargers will be sold in packs of 8.